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Upon another journey to help out my budgety blind, overspendy, financially shipwreck of a friend Soapy (love her but it’s true) I’ve developed a series that poses aid for people who were not born or raised with a set of frugal genes. In knowing her, I have had the fortune of hearing her side of the story and gauging her relationship with her money. A key fact is she simply does not have a penny to her name and is drawing $80,000 in debt, the majority of which is bad consumer credit card debt.
Read the previous post in Soapy’s series: 21 Frugal Pantry Staples List on a Limited Budget
This is where the personal financial nerd comes out…
– How cool is it that we can paint all the colors of the wind in budgets?
– How cool is every financial milestone and progress we make? To give ourselves that amazing pat on the back knowing we made ourselves a little better?
– How cool is it we get to get creative, self-explore and create a blank financial canvas designed for our priorities and needs?
Personal finance is too freakin’ cool!!!
4 Types of Budget for Over-Spenders
Most people take their voyager into budgeting starting off with a free traditional spreadsheet like this one. The basic budget works for most people because it is simply a summary of what numbers you have coming in vs going out.
But there are lots of different budget systems out there and they work differently for different people.
You get to draw out a budget that is tailored to you by being creative and making it yours.
Managing personal finances is one of the most important life skills a person can learn. Budgeting is right up there with walking, bladder control, and reading.
This is a rundown of 4 different budgets geared towards general overspenders.
1. The Envelope Method
The envelope system is an all-cash method where you divide up money based on budgeted categories and put that money into different envelopes. This all-cash method prevents overspending and is very tangible for overspenders.
Budget this method by paycheck.
This is also known as the clip method because envelopes tend to get messy when you can simply have a binder clip in place of envelopes. Or use an accordion folder or multi-flapped wallet instead of envelopes.
Three Easy Steps
1. Determine how much you have from paying the bills to saving for retirement. Once you know how much money is left from those obligatory expenses, divide it up into living expenses such as rent, transportation, groceries etc. Label envelopes with different categories that apply to expenses.
2. Divide and stuff the envelopes with money. Only spend money out of the envelopes for its corresponding category. If you are going to for gas, bring the transportation cash envelope with you.
3. Do not borrow money from other envelopes. Once the envelope is empty then it is game over until next time.
Easy to understand and easy to do with menial effort. There is no such thing as “overspending” for extras with the all-cash envelope method.
The biggest disadvantage is carrying bulks of cash around. It is less secure compared to swiping with a credit card. Another disadvantage is you cannot track your itemized expenditures compare to traditional spreadsheets or leave paper trails like credit cards. The last drawback is possibly missing out on credit card purchase protections and reward points but those are a very small price to pay for being able to avoid credit card debt in totality.
2. The Zero-Based Method
Initially, I was perplexed by the popularity of this method but research has shown this budgeting method as effective for habitual overspenders. Zero-Based methods in personal finance budgeting has just one must-follow rule which is the monthly total needs to equal to zero. That simply means your income minus all your expenses need to equal zero.
Three Easy Steps
1. List out all bills and expenses for the month. Make it detailed and honest.
2. Mark every expense incoming in the beginning of every month and include special expenses such as birthday gift or insurance renewal.
3. Subtract incoming monthly income from expenses including all debts. Done correctly, the remaining amount should be close to a zero. This take practice but it offers less rigidity compared to the envelope method.
Zero-based budgeting teaches you to not overspend past earnings. The zero-based method is a great pairing with having an emergency fund. Using these two as combos make it a great tool for overspenders.
Our utility bill is charged in bulk once every two months instead of monthly and the figures vary rather largely between summer and winter months. The zero-based budget does not address for unforeseen circumstances in any particular month beyond the scope of income coming in vs expenses going out.
3. The Goal Digger
This particular one is my favorite budgeting methods. I named it after a popular hashtag on Instagram that made me giggle. The Goal Digger is effective for the starlets like me with big dreams in mind. This budget treats you to the occasional nice things in life after successfully staying within your budgeted appropriations.
Three Easy Steps
1. Limit just one goal and focus in on it. This goal is the basis of your psychological foothold on corrective spending. It must be influencing and doable (nothing too mighty).
2. If you have debt, work on focusing expenses on that goal in order to prioritize saving. This includes making sacrifices, not living in or spending in the now like a toddler, over a craving.
3. Open up a separate account and set aside the amount saved for that specific goal in mind until it is reached.
A single goal provides intrinsic (inner) value and extrinsic (external) rewards which is powerful against a habitual overspender. It teaches the value of patience which is one of the main pillars of personal finance and wealth accumulation.
Do not use this budget if you have large debts. If the budgeter has debt, it is harder to use this method because the debt itself might be too sizable to be effective long-term. For overspenders who are reckless with high-interest debts, it shouldn’t warrant a “reward.” The debt must come first. However, for people without much debt, this is my favorite method of budgeting.
4. The Percentages Method
The percentage method is under the same concept as the 80/20 method or the 50/30/20 method. It is simply a wider range breakdown of a budgeted category for the most important expenses for people who want to skip detailed itemized plans. Percentages are generally up to the budgeter. The 80/20 method is simply 20% going to saving and 80% going to everything else under the money sun from debt to rent to shoes. The 50/30/20 method goes to necessities such as shelter, food, electricity. The 30% goes to items labeled as wants such as ice cream or jewelry and 20% goes into paying back debt.
|Category||Percent of Overall Spending|
|Housing (mortgage/rent, Real estate taxes)||24%|
|Utilities (water, power, garbage collection,||8%|
|Donations/Gifts to Charity||4%|
|Savings and Insurance||9%|
|Entertainment and Recreation||5%|
|Transportation (car payments, gas, service)||14%|
Three Easy Steps
1. Calculate each expense in relation to income in percentages. For example, if rent is $1,000 a month and net income is $4,000 a month then the housing category would be set to 25% of overall spending out of 100%.
2. Trim overall spending percentages down and priorptize catgeories such as personal debts first after saving for an emergency fund.
3. Make sure the spending percentages are accurately reflected and the total equals to no more than 100% of your net income.
Percentage methods are best suited for those who hate to itemize and have a hard time tracking detailed numerical figures.
Generally, the weakness of percentages is the lack of disciplinary categorizations such as what divides the needs vs wants for overspenders. Percentages of spending also vary wildly depending on location. Soapy lives in an HCOL city in Canada which means her housing expense ratio would be a lot higher than someone from Tennessee. The percentage rules tend to be more relaxed in terms of debt payoff and saving as well. The 50/30/20 rule with 20% going into debt is not enough. The 80/20 rule with 20% going into savings is the bare minimum a person should be saving.
You can mix and match budgeting methods and principles. There are also great supplements to budgeting like using the Zero Day Challenge (my review of ZDC) in correspondence to any of the budgeting methods mentioned above. It is important to tailor your finance in a personal way and experiment with what clicks. The overreaching important aspect of keeping a budget is to keep it consistent. A lot of financial circumstances stand different so take the above four budgets as a guideline to start and then make it yours based on your needs and desires.
Readers, which method of budgeting do you use and why? Did I neglect to mention another important subset of spending and tracking?
Want to master your finances effortlessly?
1. Sign up here with your email to download our free Google Sheet budget template.
2. Sign up with Personal Capital and use their automatic Net Worth Tracker for free. PC is a free financial service platform that helps you analyze your financial health all on one simple & secure account. This was a huge step up from the tedious dance we did before where we had to manually log in to our financial accounts (all 19 of them) individually.